In the past, throws were commonly associated with judo and takedowns with wrestling. However, with the spread of martial arts into mainstream America and the rise of mixed martial arts, throws and takedowns have become synonymous with most martial-arts-influenced combative sports like Brazilian jiu-jitsu, judo, jujutsu, sambo, shuai jiao, sumo and wrestling.
Takedowns refer to when a practitioner off-balances his opponent to take him to the ground. The practitioner aims to gain control of his opponent through a takedown maneuver by landing in a position of power when both combatants end up on the ground.
Commonly used techniques include leg trips (or leg sweeps) and a wide variety of single- and double-leg takedowns.
Throws refer to when a practitioner off-balances his opponent to throw him to the ground. The practitioner typically remains on his feet during throws. Commonly practiced throws in martial arts include leg throws like reaps and trips, sacrifice throws and shoulder throws.
– June 18, 2014