Mixed Martial Arts
As coined by Rick Blume in 1995, mixed martial arts incorporates three basic skills: striking, grappling and wrestling, for the purpose of full-contact competitions with varying rules. It also can be referred to as no-holds-barred fighting, vale tudo (Portuguese: “anything goes”), ultimate fighting and cage fighting.
The goal for many MMA competitors is to develop a well-rounded skill set that can simultaneously showcase their primary strength and downplay the weakness of their lesser abilities. For example, Brazilian jiu-jitsu or Greco-Roman wrestling fighters tend to evade strikers long enough to take them down to the ground where they are most comfortable.